Monday, December 14, 2015

Beautiful Rarely Seen Autochrome Photos of New York in the early 20th Century (16 Pics)

The years of the  early 20th Century saw New York City consolidate and come to dominate American life. New York City became the capital of national communications, trade, and finance, and of popular culture and high culture. More than a fourth of the 300 largest corporations in 1920 were headquartered there

The era began with the formation of the consolidated city of the five boroughs in 1898, with a total population of 3.4 million. New transportation links, especially the New York City Subway, opened in 1904, bound together the new Metropolis. Increased immigration of unskilled Catholic and Jewish workers from Southern and Eastern Europe expanded the labor force until the World War ended immigration in 1914. Labor shortages during the war attracted African Americans from the Southeast, who headed north as part of the Great Migration. They sponsored the Harlem Renaissance of literature and culture celebrating the black experience.

The modern five boroughs, comprising the city of New York, were united in 1898. That year, the cities of New York—which then consisted of present-day Manhattan and the Bronx—and Brooklyn were both consolidated with the then largely rural areas ofQueens and Staten Island.The total population was 3.4 million in 1900, leaping to 5.6 million in 1920 and leveling off at 7.9 million in 1950. The population was highly diverse in terms of ethnicity, race, religion and class. The city went through an enormous growth in population industry and wealth. The major achievements included the building of the subway system by private enterprise. The city funded major new bridges between Manhattan and Brooklyn and Queens, which build facilitated commuting and the rise of an industrial base and those boroughs. The city also expanded its port facilities, and improved its traffic system, build hundreds of new elementary and high schools, and engaged in large-scale public health program.

The spirit of the progressive era infused New York politics, energize the reformers with a condemnation of inefficiency waste and corruption, and an emphasis on expertise and scientific organization of large scale projects

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